Why & How
Agriculture has always been a major historical key sector for the competitiveness and a driver for local and regional economic development for the Mediterranean area - especially in countries like France, Greece, Italy, Spain and Albania.
Nowadays, there are lots of talk on urban agriculture which is increasingly making a comeback in the city in a great variety of ways and forms. Accepted in a broader sense, urban agriculture refers as well to intra-urban area (urban farmings, shared gardens, green balconies and roofs) as periurban area (new food products supply, better health and nutrition and local production and consumption). Still being relatively unknown, urban agriculture provides direct economic contribution by creating and maintaining jobs, creating local value and innovative investment systems. Besides contributing to food security, quality food products supply and local production. The metropolitan and peri-urban agriculture (MPA) reinforces the social fabric, urban-rural links, cultural heritage and is a lever for social inclusion.
It is then necessary to capitalize and disseminate the good practices, initiatives, projects and policies already existing dealing with MPA and meet the needs of territories and stakeholders.
WHAT ARE THE FACTORS THAT HAMPER THE DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF MPA PRACTICES?
- high land prices
- land planning
- price of irrigation water or/and use of recycled urban water
- urban contaminants
- agricultural activities in restraint spaces.
THUS, THE OBJECTIVES THAT WILL BE ACHIEVED TO OVERCOME THE FACTORS ARE THE FOLLOWING:
- capitalization on good practices implemented at local and transnational level on MPA;
- paving the way for a technical and political empowerment of local food production networks of the 5 countries involved within the project;
- establishment/dissemination of a consolidated set of knowledge (technical, organizational, institutional) on urban agriculture at MEDITERRANEAN level;
- development of a transnational cluster of metropolitan agriculture stakeholders based on the quadruple helix model.
WHAT ARE THE TERRITORIAL CHALLENGES THAT HAVE TO BE MET FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROJECT?
- ensure a sustainable and efficient management of land and water able to guarantee sufficient crop yields for producers;
- improve and promote local distribution and marketing areas by integrating short circuits in metropolitan planning;
- create large-scale networks of local food system and insert the MPA and territorial eco-innovation as strategic priorities in public policies;
- improve the rural-urban linkages and inclusion of vulnerable populations through agriculture;
- enhance environmental management and ensuring food security for urban dwellers;
- get back to the proximity between city and Nature, between city and agriculture, between city and food.